Bieži vien nākas dzirdēt jautājumus par to kā skan šie skaļruņi. Ko lai atbild cilvēkam, kas vēlas skaļruņus, kas atskaņotu bagātīgu skaņu, kāda skan orķestrī vai koncertzālē?
Bet kas ir domāts ar īpašības vārdu bagātīgs? Vai manā izpratnē bagātīgs nozīmē to pašu ko viņa? Vai bagātīgs ir domāts kā uzslava? (Izvēlīgu ekspertu vidū, ar vārdu bagātīgs nereti apzīmē skaļruņa negatīvās īpašības.) Ja nu mēs katrs ar vienu un to pašu vārdu saprotam pavisam citas nozīmes? Neapšaubāmi, ka tā var rasties neskaitāmi pārpratumi un nesaprašanās. Līdz ar to ir pašsaprotama nepieciešamība pēc standartizētas skaļruņa labo un slikto īpašību vārdnīcas.
Ko īsti šis cilvēks bija domājis ar vārdu bagātīgs. Izrādās, ka ar to tika domāta pilna, visaptveroša skaņa, ar dziļu un skanīgu basu (atkal jauni īpašības vārdi!). Atbilde būtu, ka ja labā mūzikas ierakstā ir saglabātas vai izceltas visas šīs koncertā dzirdētās nianses, tad neitrāls un lineārs skaļrunis arī mācēs tās atskaņot (pieņemot, ka skaļrunim ir līdzena un plaša basu atskaņošanas josla), bet ja pats skaļrunis nedrīkst piešķirt mūzikai bagātīgu pieskaņu. Ja tā būs, tad šī pieskaņa var kļūt par apnicīgu basu izcelšanu daži ieraksti var skanēt labi, bet citi slikti. Mūzikas kritiķi terminu bagātīgs bieži lieto lai kritizētu skaļruņus, kam ir pārāk uzvērti augšējie basi, kā rezultātā vīriešu balsis skan ar nedabīgu pieskaņu.
Tālāk tiks uzskaitīti standarta termini, kas ilgu gadu laikā iesakņojušies Canadas National Research Council akustiskajā laboratorijā veicot skaļruņu klausīšanās testus. (Piebildīšu, ka tas ir mans tulkojums, līdz ar to labprāt uzklausīšu ieteikumus un labojumus. W.) Šie termini tiek lietoti veicot aklos klausīšanas testus, lai atrisinātu problēmu kā tad īsti lai apraksta skaņu, jo bieži vien kritiķi izmanto tik poētiskus apzīmējumus, tā it kā skaļrunis pats par sevi būtu kāds mūzikas instruments. Jo kā gan lai saprot, kas ir domāts ar terminu šokolādes vidus vai tas nozīmē, ka skaņa ir gluda, bieza vai tumša? Tā ir domāta uzslava vai nopēlums? Kas to lai zina.
Šeit būs daži biežāk lietojamie termini kas apraksta skaņu.
(Termins raksta oriģinālvalodā, mans tulkojums un termina apraksts. W.)
Forward - klātesošs ar to domāts ka vīriešu un sieviešu vokāli skan gluži kā dziedātājs atrastos skaļruņu priekšā. Tas var apzīmēt arī negatīvu īpašību liekas, ka dziedātājs atrodas pārāk tuvu, tas varētu nozīmēt kāpumu vai pacēlumu skaļruņu vidusjoslā. Pretējs termins ir recessed atvirzīts vidusjosla skan tā, it kā dziedātāji un koris būtu nedaudz atvirzījušies atpakaļ un atrodas krietni aiz skaļruņiem.
Spacious plaša un "open" atvērta un "airy" gaisīga skaņa. Tās visas ir pozitīvās iezīmes, kas raksturo telpas izjūtas visapkārt mūzikas instrumentiem un dziedātājiem. Tās attiecas uz skaļruņu spēju attēlot skaņas skatuvi (trīs dimensiju instrumentu izvietojumu uz iedomātās skatuves) kā arī spēju atskaņot apkārtesošas skaņas, kas ir oriģinālajā ierakstā. Pretēji termini ir closed noslēgta, mutted pieklusināta vai dry - sausa, kas norāda, ka skaļruņu vidusjoslā un augšās ir kritums (rolled off) vai tās ir pieklusinātas un neasas.
Termins sibilant svilpjošs tiek lietots ja skaļrunis uzsver sss un ttt skaņas dziedātāju balsīs. Tas pats skaļrunis var būt arī tikai nedaudz skanīgs (bright neliels augšu uzsvērums) vai pavisam strident - griezīgs (pārāk daudz augšu kā rezultāta šķīvji un stīgas skan spalgi un griezīgi).
Thin vājš nozīmē, ka skaļrunim ir maz vai nav vispār basu, kamēr boomy dunošs nozīmē, ka basu ir pa daudz un tie nomāc pārējo skaņu. Punchy enerģisks apzīmē diezgan patīkamus un spēcīgus augšējos basus (kā disko), bet tas nenozīmē zemus basus. Muddy neskaidri un nekārtīgi nozīmē, kas vidus josla nav dzidra, ir grūti atdalīt korī dziedošas vīriešu un sieviešu balsis.
Ja skaļrunim ir lielas problēmas ar vidusjoslu, parasti kādi lieli kritums vai citi nelīdzenumi frekvenču joslā tos var apzīmēt kā skaņa kā no mucas vai kliegšanu. Vēl diezgan izplatīta nokrāsa ir nasal taurēšana, tas ir pacēlums vidusjoslā, kas ietekmē vokālu līdzīgi kā runājot apliktu rokas apkārt mutei.
Tagad, apbruņojušies ar šiem terminiem un to aprakstiem, jūs varat analizēt skaņu ko dzirdat no skaļruņiem veikalā, pie saviem draugiem (uzmanīgi ar to dunošs un taurējošs draugu klātbūtnē!) vai paši savās mājas un automašīnā. Bez tam, izmantojiet šos terminus lai paspīdētu diskusijās! :)
Mosh kaads var piedaavaat labaakus terminus? Vispaar jau sen prasaas peec visaadu specifisko terminu vaardniicas latvieshu valodaa, savaadaak pasham arii sanaak shad un tad putroties.
2005-01-21 13:37:56 juriz rakstīja:
Akustikso terminu vārdnīcu var atrast zem Faili/Citu autoru radījumi , tā gan ir tiešām vārdnīca Latviešu/Krievu/Angļu/Vācu , tā nav skaidrojošā vārdnīca. Ja vēl pieliktu tur skaidrojumus ... Bet kurš to darīs
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2016-04-22 13:22:00 jhyt rakstīja:
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2016-04-22 13:22:00 ujt7 rakstīja:
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